Written by Jane Ade Stevens
Thursday, 18 October 2007 13:27
The livestock and poultry industry consumes about 34,600,000 short
tons of soybean meal each year in the United States, or this is
equivalent to about 1.44 billion bushels of soybean annually. Needless
to say, the livestock and poultry industries are critical to the health
and well being of the soybean farmer. A more critical look at soybean
meal use by livestock and poultry is interesting and revealing:
• Swine and poultry account for about 80% of all domestic soybean meal consumption
• For each pound of pork or poultry meal produced a half-pound of soybean meal is consumed
• The poultry industry utilizes about 54% of the
domestic soybean meal. If broilers have a feed conversion ratio of
approximately 1.8 to 1 (takes 1.8 pounds of feed to produce a one pound
of meat) and soybean meal accounts for about 27.4% of the poultry diet;
therefore, to produce a pound of broiler, it will require about a
half-pound of soybean meal ((1.8 x .274) = 0.493).
• A 47-pound tom turkey will eat on the average 132
pounds of feed and 26.3 pounds of soybean meal with a feed conversion
of 2.79 during its 22-week life. The calculations indicate that tom
turkeys will consume a little over a half pound of soybean meal for
each pound of turkey ((26.3 / 47) =0.560).
• The swine industry utilizes about 26% of the
domestic soybean meal. If swine feed contains on the average 19.35%
soybean meal and the feed conversion for swine is about 2.8; therefore,
pigs will also require a little over a half-pound of soybean meal per
pound of pork ((2.8 x 0.1935) = 0.542).
• The remaining soybean meal is used by the beef
(10%), dairy (5%), pet foods (3%) and other species (2%). While use of
meal by these species is significantly smaller than swine and poultry;
soybean meal is an important protein ingredient for meeting the dietary
amino acid needs.
Additional Soybean and soybean meal data:
A bushel of soybean meal yields about 11 pounds of crude soybean oil and 48 pounds of soybean meal.
• A metric ton of soybean meal is
equivalent to about 46 bushels of soybeans: A short ton of soybean meal
is equivalent to about 33.3 bushels of soybeans
• Total soybean meal use is
estimated at 43.0 million short tons in the 2007/08-crop year. Of which
34.6 million short tons will be used by the U.S. feed industry and 8.25
million short tons will be exported to livestock and poultry producers
in foreign countries.
Copyright © 2013 Growing In Agriculture. All Rights Reserved.
Indiana Soybean Alliance • 5730 W 74 St • Indianapolis, IN 46278-1755
317-347-3620 • Fax 317-347-3626